Risk management system
In 2019, FESCO continued to develop its risk management system (RMS). The following steps were taken to improve the efficiency of risk management and introduce a comprehensive risk-based approach to decision-making:
- the Regulations on Risk Management developed and approved;
- risk experts selected from among the Company’s employees;
- automated risk management database launched.
|Risk identification||Initial risk identification in business processes||All employees|
|Risk confirmation||Risk expert|
| Preparation of risk profiles, specifying the following: |
• business process;
• risk type;
• risk owner;
• person in charge of assessment;
• risk coordinator
| Risk expert; |
|Risk assessment||Probability and impact assessment (qualitative or quantitative)||Risk owner|
|Approval of risk profile|| Risk expert; |
chief risk manager
|Development of risk management measures||Development of action plan, determination of indicators and persons responsible for monitoring them||Risk owner|
|Approval of risk management action plan||Chief risk manager|
|Monitoring and reporting|| Preparation of quarterly risk management reports, including: |
• recording the indicators;
• updating the status of initiatives;
• updating risk assessment scores.
|Person responsible for monitoring|
|Approval of risk management report||Risk owner|
|Preparation of risk maps||Chief risk manager|
To improve the efficiency of the risk management system, in 2019 FESCO developed and launched an automated risk management database. The first three stages of the RMS have been automated, with the fourth stage automation planned for 2020.
In line with the Company’s policy, the Group’s consolidated corporate risk map is subject to annual review by the Executive Board and the Audit Committee followed by consideration and approval by the Board of Directors.
FESCO’s corporate risk map includes:
- assessment of materialised risks;
- assessment of budget target achievement probability under materialised risks;
- losses forecasts in optimistic and pessimistic risk materialisation scenarios;
- analysis of the changes in the risk management system.
The approved risk map is made available to the Company’s executive bodies and business units responsible for risk management.
FESCO identifies and monitors risks on an ongoing basis, assessing the effectiveness of its risk management measures and using the emerging opportunities for business development and value growth. The Group informs its shareholders and regulators that certain risks with significant potential impact on the Company’s financial results and valuation cannot be managed.
Description of material risks
|Detailed description||Impact assessment / probability||Comment||Risk management|
|The most material financial risks for FESCO are liquidity and credit risks. Other financial risks have limited impact on the Company's business||High/low||The risk did not materialise in 2019. It continues into 2020 with a higher probability||The cash flow budget, including short- and medium-term planning tools, is the key instrument for managing liquidity risks. Credit risks are managed by capping new receivables and analysing counterparty contract risks|
|FESCO’s commercial risks are risks of losses arising from external (demand, competition, market changes, etc.) and internal (quality and price of services provided, etc.) volatility||High/medium||In 2019, these risks did not have a significant impact on the Group's operating results. In 2020, the risks remain due to the volatility of target markets and bigger macroeconomic threats, especially the global ones||The Group mitigates commercial risks through a balanced pricing policy with discounts and preferences to reliable counterparties. The management of commercial risks is based on long-term partnerships with counterparties designed to increase the Company’s financial stability in the hostile economic environment. Another tool is optimisation of internal business processes in order to respond efficiently to market changes|
|Political risks are associated with the internal government policies in the regions of operations, which can impact the Group's companies and potentially hurt the Group's business||Medium/medium||In 2019, the impact of risk materialisation was assessed as insignificant||The Company operates in strict compliance with the applicable laws of the Russian Federation and keeps track of all regulatory changes which affect its operations. The Company is able to adjust its operations in a timely manner, and seeks to maintain an ongoing dialogue with regulatory authorities on compliance-related matters|
|Given the Group’s significant transport assets (rail cars, containers, ships), the management of operational risks was one of the key priorities in 2019 due to their sheer number||Medium/high||In 2019, the impact of risk materialisation was assessed as insignificant. The risk remains in 2020||As part of its risk mitigation initiatives, FESCO upgrades container terminals, invests in repairs and new equipment, streamlines shipment structure and refines its management and control quality system|